Appendix D XML 1 spec

Richard Tobin richard at
Wed Aug 26 14:22:37 BST 1998

> <!ENTITY example "<p>An ampersand (&#38;#38;) may be escaped
> numerically (&#38;#38;#38;) or with a general entity
> (&amp;amp;).</p>" >

When the entity declaration is parsed, character entities are expanded
but general entities (including &amp;) are not.  (The table in section
4.4 is first place you should look in questions of this kind.)

So (as described in appendix D) the entity's value is

 ... (&#38;) ... (&#38;#38;) ... (&amp;amp;) ...

When this is expanded in the instance, both character and general
entities are expanded (again, as specified in the table), producing

 ... (&) ... (&38;) ... (&amp;) ...

in the text passed to the application.

-- Richard

xml-dev: A list for W3C XML Developers. To post, mailto:xml-dev at
Archived as:
To (un)subscribe, mailto:majordomo at the following message;
(un)subscribe xml-dev
To subscribe to the digests, mailto:majordomo at the following message;
subscribe xml-dev-digest
List coordinator, Henry Rzepa (mailto:rzepa at

More information about the Xml-dev mailing list