CDATA by any other name... (was The raw and the cooked)

John Cowan cowan at
Tue Nov 3 16:18:02 GMT 1998

Michael Kay wrote:

> Neither really works well, because "]]>" can legitimately occur in a Java
> program. For example, it is quite likely to occur in a Java program that
> generates XML.

If "]]>" is needed as a string literal or part of one, it can easily be
replaced by "]]\76" or "]]\u003E".

If it appears in program text, then "]] >" will be a sufficient

Similar workarounds are used to avoid ETAGOs ("</") in the SCRIPT and
STYLE elements of HTML 4.0; they are necessarily language-specific.
For example, Javascript uses "<\/".

John Cowan		cowan at
	You tollerday donsk?  N.  You tolkatiff scowegian?  Nn.
	You spigotty anglease?  Nnn.  You phonio saxo?  Nnnn.
		Clear all so!  'Tis a Jute.... (Finnegans Wake 16.5)

xml-dev: A list for W3C XML Developers. To post, mailto:xml-dev at
Archived as:
To (un)subscribe, mailto:majordomo at the following message;
(un)subscribe xml-dev
To subscribe to the digests, mailto:majordomo at the following message;
subscribe xml-dev-digest
List coordinator, Henry Rzepa (mailto:rzepa at

More information about the Xml-dev mailing list