XML and Internationalization...

Deke Smith deke at tallent.com
Mon Nov 9 14:38:11 GMT 1998

Sebastien Sahuc, ssahuc at netaway.com said on 11/9/98 4:57 AM:

>Hi there,
>I wonder if there is any specifications available in making XML documents
>For instance, I have a xml document that specifies some operations available
>to the user (the selection of the operation to call is done through a GUI).
>As a small description is associated to each operation, it should be useful
>to give the user this description in the custom language.
>My first thought will be the following:
><method id="fact">
>    <description lang="english">The factorial method</description>
>    <description lang="french">La méthode factorielle</description>
>    <description lang="spanish">La operacíon factorial</description>
>    <param id="Nbr" mode="in" type="int">
>        <description lang="english">The number to pass in</description>
>        <description lang="french">Le nombre à passer</description>
>        <description lang="spanish">El número a calcular</description>
>    </param>
>Does anybody has a suggestion auround the syntax ? Any comment would be
>greatly appreciate.

I would suggest one change to your syntax: there is a standard tag for language specification in XML. That tag is "xml:lang" and it uses ISO 639 language codes. You can find the language codes at < http://www.isoc.org:8080/langues/iso639.fr.htm>.

Your sample would look like:

<method id="fact">

    <description xml:lang ="en">The factorial method</description>
    <description xml:lang ="fr">La méthode factorielle</description>
    <description xml:lang ="es">La operacíon factorial</description>

    <param id="Nbr" mode="in" type="int">
        <description xml:lang ="en">The number to pass in</description>
        <description xml:lang ="fr">Le nombre à passer</description>
        <description xml:lang ="es">El número a calcular</description>


In the XML spec it talks a little bit more about language specification:

A MUCH more complicated translation format can be found from LISA at: 
<http://www.lisa.org/tmx/index.html>. This may or may not be overkill for what you are doing.


Deke Smith
Tallent Communications Group, Brentwood TN
deke at tallent.com, 615-661-9878
" The best way to predict the future is to invent it. " 
       - Alan Kay 

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