Document toString

david at david at
Tue Oct 20 17:03:44 BST 1998

Thillai writes:

 > Is there anyway I can convert a Document (it's contents) to String.
 > Basically after creating a document I have to display it in the screen
 > as text.   (I don't want to read from a file after writing it in a stream)
 > Anybody who is familiar with MS XML parser (java) or IBM XML parser (java) 
 > or anyother parser please let me know whether it is possible. Otherwise I 
 > have to write a toString function for different types of nodes.

I think that Michael Kay's SAXON tools [1] contain a SAX driver for
iterating through a DOM tree, and I know that James Clark has a SAX
application XMLTest [2] that produces a normalised form of XML called
"Canonical XML" -- you could use the two of those together to convert
any part of a DOM tree to text.

That said, it would probably be easier and more efficient for you to
create a generic DOMWriter -- it's really a one-hour exercise if you
understand XML, the DOM, and Java well enough.

All the best,



David Megginson                 david at

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