Yet another niggling XML syntax question

David Brownell db at Eng.Sun.COM
Mon Mar 1 22:20:52 GMT 1999

roddey at wrote:
> Does the following violate the 'partial markup in entity' rule of XML?
> <!ENTITY Part1 "<!ELEMENT ">
> <!ENTITY Part2 " Bubba ANY>">
> <!ENTITY Whole "%Part1;%Part2">
> %Whole;

I'll assume you intended to work with parameter entities; then as Richard
pointed out this can be legal ... if the three syntax errors are corrected
("<ENTITY % Part" twice, "%Part2;") AND if this is found in an external
parameter entity not an internal one (which disallows PEs inside entity
declarations -- a WF constraint).

> So I'm assuming
> that this is ok, that the prohibition against partial markup refers to the
> eventual use of the entity, not to the definition thereof?

Right -- this would violate _validity_ constraints (but a nonvalidating
parser should accept it just fine):

	<!DOCTYPE Bubba [
	  <!ENTITY % Part1 "<!ELEMENT ">
	  <!ENTITY % Part2 " Bubba ANY>">
	  <!-- next is a validity error in both internal
		 and external subsets -->

Another way to make an error out of your declarations is to make the
PEs be external, not internal -- then they'd not match full grammatical

- Dave

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