parsing spec.dtd & XML spec with nsgmls Re: W3C spec.dtd

Tony Graham tgraham at
Wed Mar 3 19:31:20 GMT 1999

At 3 Mar 1999 15:00 +0100, Stefan Mintert wrote:
 > Now I try to parse the XML spec (REC-xml-19980210.xml) and the spec.dtd
 > (copied from the above URL) with nsgmls. I'm using nsgmls 1.3 on SunOS 5.6
 > (Solaris 2). I already parsed xml instances without problems but in this case
 > it doesn't work. Following are the first lines of nsgmls output:
 > sm at brown(/tmp/sm){590}: /tmp/sm/sp-1.3/nsgmls/nsgmls -E 10 -w xml -s REC-xml-19980210.xml
 > /tmp/sm/sp-1.3/nsgmls/nsgmls:spec.dtd:60:17:W: named character reference
 > /tmp/sm/sp-1.3/nsgmls/nsgmls:spec.dtd:60:19:E: "X2014" is not a function name

Add -c/tmp/sm/sp-1.3/pubtext/xml.soc to the command line so nsgmls
reads the xml.soc catalog that tells it to use the SGML Declaration
for XML, xml.dcl.  That SGML Declaration tells nsgmls what hexadecimal
character references look like.  Without it, things like &x2014; are
being interpreted as per ISO 8879:1986, which isn't doing you or the
parser any good.


Tony Graham
Tony Graham                            mailto:tgraham at
Mulberry Technologies, Inc.      
17 West Jefferson Street                    Direct Phone: 301/315-9632
Suite 207                                          Phone: 301/315-9631
Rockville, MD  20850                                 Fax: 301/315-8285
  Mulberry Technologies: A Consultancy Specializing in SGML and XML

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