Beginner question - What is a schema?

Doug Forman dforman at
Mon Jan 24 18:52:06 GMT 2000

I understood how to write html, so learning the syntax of xml was quite
However, there are some basic concepts I'm still trying to get a feel for.

Can anybody give me a good definition of what is a schema, and how it
applies to xml?
My understanding is that it is a logical template for a heirarchical
database; and any xml document is based on some schema.


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